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EYFS
英国国家早期教育纲要

The Early Years Foundation Stage

英国国家早期教育纲要(简称EYFS),是世界最权威的婴幼儿教育标准之一。
由英国教育部历时12年编纂完成,超过7000名专家、学者和教师参与制定,耗资1.5亿元。
通过对数以千计的低龄儿童进行长期追踪研究,
确认了早期教育能够更有效地促进婴幼儿童的成长,并总结出最科学的早期教育方式。
EYFS是有史以来最大规模早期教育跟踪及效果评估项目。

Practice Guidance for the Early Years Foundation Stage

May 2008

Setting the Standards for Leaming,
Development and Care children from birth to five。

七大学习发展领域

pEYFS从学习和发展的七大领域,提出参考标准,
为0-6岁婴幼儿提供一个连续发展与学习的科学体系。

语言交­流发展
Communication and language

仔细倾听

Listening and attention

消化理解

Understanding

表达

Speaking

体能发展
Physical development

肢体运动

Moving and handling

大肌肉群活动(跑,走,跳) Gross motor skills

小肌肉群活动(握笔,穿衣服) Fine motor skills

卫生和自理

Health and self-care

(manage basic hygiene

and personal needs)

个人、社会和情感发展
Personal,social and emotional development

自信和自知(自信尝试各种活动)

Self-confidence and self-awareness

自控情绪和行为

(适时调整控制情绪和行为)

Managing feelings and behaviour

(adjust emotion and behaviours

to different situations).

人际关系

Making relationships

读写能力
Literacy

阅读

Reading

写作

Writing

数理思维能力
Mathematics

数字

Numbers (1-20)

形状、空间和度量

Shape,space and measures

艺术表达和设计能力
Expressive arts and design

利用媒体资源探索

Exploring and using media and materials

富有创造性的

Being imaginative

认知世界能力
Understanding the world

与他人沟通

People and communication

(peer interaction)

周围世界认知

The world

(know about similarities and

differences in relation to places,

materials and living things)

技术

Technology

(recognize technology used

at homes and schools.)

三大有效学习特征
Characteristics of effective learning

体验和探索
Playing
and
exploring-engagement
自主学习
Active
learning-motivation
创造性和批判性思维
Creating
and
thinkingcritically

EYFS尊重幼儿各个月龄的特征和需求,规划了七大发展领域,
并透过不同教学目标的分解,通过不同主题课程的执行,实现全方位,系统化的体验式教学.

EYFS respects every child's characteristic and needs at each month of age and designed the
seven areas of learning. According to the different subjects of learning,
it could fulfill an all-around experiential teaching system.